Cardigan is a small town at the south of Ceredigion, on the border with Pembrokeshire. The name Cardigan translates to "Aberteifi" in Welsh, which means the mouth of the river Teifi.
The town has a long history, and today enjoys an unspoilt townscape and a rich heritage. The castle at Cardigan was built in 1093 by Robert Montgomery, following the Norman conquest of Cardiganshire - the county name before it was changed in the 1990s to Ceredigion. Today the Castle is being renovated having been purchased by Ceredigion County Council, since it fell into disrepair following private owners and lacking finances.
Cardigan and its castle was the location of Wales' first Eisteddfod, which was organised by Lord Rhys in 1176. Contestants from Wales, Ireland, Scotland and England all came for a chance to win chairs in various competitions including singing and poetry.
In the 18th and early 19th centuries, Cardigan was the most important seaport in South Wales - it grew in size as trade boomed. In 1815, Cardigan had a total of 314 ships, which it is estimated was 7 times more than those at Cardiff at the time.
Today Cardigan enjoys its rich history and throughout the year there are events which have been long standing within the town - one such event is the weekly market, which was established in 1227 and today is as popular as ever.
Three miles from Cardigan is the small village of Gwbert, an area well known for its great wildlife ranging from butterflies, birds, wild flowers and sealife. Home to all of the birds mentioned to the left, Gwbert is also a popular area for those on the search of bottlenose dolphins and porpoises. In fact the stretch of coast from Gwbert to Aberaeron is considered the best in terms of spotting sealife, with Cardigan Bay having a resident population of over 100 bottlenose dolphins, the largest in Europe.
In more recent years, various other types of sea life have been observed from Gwbert, included basking sharks, sun fish, minke whales, orcas and humpback whales! This is really the place to be if you are in search of sealife!